LITERACY OF OUR YOUNGSTERS: RESULTS AND RESTRAINTS FROM PISA

Bahrul Hayat

Abstract


This article focused on results of assessment of PISA on level of literacy of youngsters
in a number of countries including Indonesia. Key findings comprised reading literacy,
mathematics literacy, and science literacy of Indonesian youngsters and those of other
countries are described. Several factors assumed to have impacts on the results of
assessment covered impacts of gender, engagement on learning, family background,
and school characteristics. There are several constraints faced by Indonesia that make
the assessment result unsatisfying, namely, input and process of education. Constraints
of education input cover 1) insufficient availability of educators and educational staff;
2) unavailable learning facilities or inefficient use of the facilities; and 3) inadequate
education costs. Constraints of education process comprise 1) too much structured and
heavily loaded content, and 2) teacher oriented instructional method. The constraints
of education process cause instructional process ineffective. There are seven solutions
that need to be organized to cope with the constraints. They are 1) the development of
better curriculum, learning method, and assessment system, 2) the capacity of educators’
profession, 3) the improvement of facilities and learning materials, 4) a life skill education,
5) the development of a superior school on basic education, 6) the improvement of quality
and relevance of education, 7) the use of ICT for schooling and learning system.


Full Text:

PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


IJE | ISSN: 1978-1342