Tiara Cita Maharani, Sri Setyarini


The purpose in this study is to investigate the problems faced by the students in the IELTS writing class and how the teacher addressed the existing problems. It employed a qualitative narrative inquiry design since the researcher took the role as the teacher in the preparation class. The participants were three senior high school students who enrolled in an IELTS preparation class at one of the private English language learning centres in Bandung. The data were collected through in-depth interviews with the participants, classroom observations including my teaching journal, and the students’ writing. The study revealed that limited vocabulary, difficulties in constructing ideas, insufficient mechanical writing aspects, boredom, exhaustion, anxiety, and language barrier were the challenges encountered by the participants. Moreover, among a number of teaching strategies that I conducted to address the problems, drilling IELTS writing strategies and giving personal feedback to the participants were considered to be the most effective since they gained positive responses from the participants in which they managed to demonstrate improvement on their IELTS writing skills.


International English Language Testing System (IELTS); writing skill; challenges; English as a Foreign Language (EFL)

Full Text:



Atkinson, D. (1997). A critical approach to critical thinking in TESOL. TESOL Quarterly, 31: 71–94.

Brown, H. D. (2001). Teaching by principles: An interactive approach to language pedagogy. New York: Addison Wesley Longman.

Cheung, Y. L. (2016). Teaching writing. In Renandya, W. A., & Widodo, H. P. (Eds.). English language teaching today: Linking theory and practice. (pp. 179-194). Berlin: Springer International Publishing Switzerland.

Clandinin, D. J., & Connelly, F. M. (2000). Narrative inquiry: Experience and story in qualitative research. San Francisco: Jossey Bass Publishers.

Clandinin, D. J. (2007). Handbook of narrative inquiry: Mapping a methodology. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications.

Clandinin, D. J. (2016). Engaging in narrative inquiry. New York: Routledge.

Creswell, J. W. (2007). Qualitative inquiry & research design: Choosing among five approaches. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications.

Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Los Angeles: SAGE Publishers.

Daiute, C. (2014). Narrative inquiry: A dynamic approach. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications.

Gkonou, C. (2017). Towards an ecological understanding of language anxiety. In Gkonou, C., Daubney, M., & Dewaele, J. (Eds.). New insights into language anxiety: Theory, research, and educational implications. Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data.

Harmer, J. (2007). The practice of English language teaching. Essex: Pearson Education Limited.

Hyland, K. K. (2009). Second language writing. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Iftanti, E. (2012). A survey of the English reading habits of EFL students in Indonesia. TEFLIN Journal, 23(2), pp. 149-162.

IELTS information for candidates booklet. (July 2015). Retrieved from: https://www.ielts.org/PDF/Information_for_Candidates_booklet.pdf

IELTS guide for teachers: Test format, scoring and preparing, students for the test. (July 2015). Retrieved from: https://www.ielts.org/-/media/publications/guide-for-teachers/ielts-guide-for-teachers-2015-uk.ashx

Indonesia’s growing middle class expected to drive outbound mobility. (2017, June 28). Retrieved from:


Indonesia ranks second-last in reading interest: Study. (2016, August 29). The Jakarta Post. Retrieved from:


Merriam, S. B. (2009). Qualitative research: A guide to design and implementation. San Francisco: John Wiley & Sons.

Nazhari, A., Delfi, S., & K, S. (2016). A study of reading habits of students of English study program of Riau University. Jurnal online mahasiswa: Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan, 3(2), pp. 1-8.

Richards, J. C. (2015). Key issues in language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Webster, L., & Mertova, P. (2007). Using narrative inquiry as a research method: An introduction to using critical event narrative analysis in research on learning and teaching. New York: Routledge.

Wells, K. (2011). Narrative inquiry. New York: Oxford University Press.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17509/edusentris.v6i3.493

Edusentris Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan dan Pengajaran

Published by Sekolah Pascasarjana Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia

Jl. Dr. Setiabudhi No. 229 Bandung 40154

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

View My Stats