MODEL KONSELING BERBASIS PETUALANGAN UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KECERDASAN ADVERSITAS MAHASISWA

Kusherdyana ,, Ahman ,, Achmad Juntika Nurihsan, Nandang Rusmana

Abstract


This study aims at creating adventure-based counseling model to improve the students’ adversity intelligence, applying Research and Developement approach of four stages such as introductory study, hypothetical model design, model rational validation, and feld testing. It involved the students of Tourism Colleges in Indonesia (STP Bandung, STP Bali, Akpar Medan, and Akpar Makasar) amount to 410 selected by incidental sampling technique. The study shows that (1) the adversity intelligence level of Tourism College students is mostly included in camper category, (2) there is no difference of students’ adversity intelligence based on gender, study program, Grade Point Avarage, and parents’ salary, (3) adventure-based counseling model is assumed to be proper as an intervention model to improve the students’ adversity intelligence, and (4) the model is proven effective to improve the adversity intelligence of Tourism College students in Indonesia. It is recommended to apply it in developing counseling program in Tourism Colleges in Indonesia to improve the students’ adversity intelligence.

 

ABSTRAK
Penelitian ini bertujuan menghasilkan model konseling berbasis petualangan untuk meningkatkan kecerdasan adversitas mahasiswa dengan menggunakan pendekatan penelitian dan pengembangan yang terdiri atas empat langkah, yaitu studi pendahuluan, perancangan model hipotetik, validasi rasional model, dan uji coba lapangan. Anggota sampel adalah mahasiswa perguruan tinggi kedinasan pariwisata yang ada di Indonesia (STP Bandung, STP Bali, Akpar Medan, dan Akpar Makasar) berjumlah 410 orang yang dipilih dengan teknikincidental sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan (1) tingkat kecerdasan adversitas sebagian besar mahasiswa Perguruan Tinggi Kedinasan Pariwista di Indonesia berada pada kategoricamper, (2) tidak ada perbedaan kecerdasan adversitas mahasiswa berdasarkan jenis kelamin, jurusan, Indeks Prestasi Belajar (IPK), dan penghasilan orang tua, (3) model konseling berbasis petualangan yang dikembangkan dinilai layak sebagai suatu model intervensi meningkatkan kecerdasan adversitas mahasiswa, dan (4) model ini terbukti efektif untuk meningkatkan kecerdasan adversitas mahasiswa Perguruan Tinggi Kedinasan Pariwista di Indonesia. Model ini direkomendasikan untuk diterapkan dalam pengembangan program bimbingan di perguruan tinggi kedinasan pariwisata di Indonesia untuk meningkatkan kecerdasan adversitas mahasiswa.


Keywords


kecerdasan adversitas; model konseling berbasis petualangan; mahasiswa; adversity intelligence; adventure-based counseling model; college students

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